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Inventory: 10144
Dolmen di San Silvestro (di Giovinazzo)
Giovinazzo (BA)
Object Type: Dolmen
Staus: Present
Latitude: 41.15267
Longitude: 16.63589
Description: The dolmen di San Silvestro is the most representative monument as far as gallery dolmens are concerned, because of its size and its good state of preservation in the whole. The megalith is situated on a fenced plot of land, full of outcrops of rock and various fruit trees. Around the structure and all over the site there is tidy natural vegetation. It is separated in two aligned trunks, because it was dismembered during the demolition of the specchia (small mound of stones) that covered it. At the moment of its discovery the proper grave was hidden under a mound of stones. Below it, there is a construction with dry well cut and selected stones made of the local calcareous rock, 2m tall, with an elliptic base and a maximum development of 7.50m; it included a long gallery running along north to south (dolmen), erected with the use of vertically planted slabs and covered by similar slabs horizontally, for a length of 17m. At the south end there was a room, possibly uncovered, with a round base; a rectangular door led from the gallery to this room. A similar door opened on the opposite side, to the North. In the North trunk, at the moment of its discovery, there was still the entombment level divided in sections by two vertical slabs, with the remains of thirteen individuals and the grave goods. At present the slab placed at the North end of the South trunk has a vertical breakage; similar signs of fracture are also visible on the West slab. The South trunk has four lateral slabs (two on each side) and four capstones, lying on the orthostates bolstered by supporting stones. The North trunk rests on stones forming blocks rather than monolithic rocks.
Condition: VeryGood
Dimension: Dolmen Composito che si presenta separato in due tronconi allineati tra loro. Troncone Nord Lastra di copertura: Lunghezza totale 7.5 m; Larghezza 1.37 m; Spessore da 0.11 a 015 m. Lastre divisorie: Larghezza 0.86 m; Altezza 0.74 m; Spessore 0.8 m. Blocchi di pietrame: Blocco 1 1.75 m x 1.00 m x 0.12 m; Blocco 2 1.85 m x 1.00 m x 0.17 m; Blocco 3 2.45 m x 1.00 m x 0.17 m. Troncone Sud Ortostato 1 2.83 m x 1.08 m x 011 m; Ortostato 2 1.46 m x 1.20 m x 0.6 m; Ortostato 3 1.80 m (lunghezza) Ortostato 4 2.46 m (lunghezza) Lastra di copertura (Dimensioni totali): Lunghezza 6.00 m; Larghezza 1.00 m; Spessore 0.12 m.
Direction: Apertura cella posta a Sud
Historical Notes: It was discovered in 1961 by A. Milillo, Honorary Inspector of Works of Antiquity and Art in the territory of Giovinazzo, in the province of Bari, during the works of demolition of the huge Specchia Scalfarino. The intervention of conservative restoration following its fortuitous discovery in 1961 allowed the monument to be still visited despite the exposition to the elements. The archaeological exploration of the circular environment proved that the area of the dolmen was already frequented for sepulchral purposes before its erection, still in the middle of the Bronze Age; even before that, in the 4th millennium B.C. it was the place of a settlement of the Ancient Neolithic. According to Lo Porto the destruction of the central part is also due to the grave robbers in the Middle Ages.
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