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Inventory: 10147
Dolmen della Chianca
Bisceglie (BA)
Object Type: Dolmen
Staus: Present
Latitude: 41.19413
Longitude: 16.48730
Description: The megalith is situated in a plot of land adjacent to an olive grove, separated from it by a drywall. Brambles and natural vegetation grow around the dolmen. All the lithic material used for the construction of this imposing megalith consists of limestone from the surrounding area. The dolmen is made of a sepulchral cell preceded by a 7.5m long passage made of flat slabs, planted vertically into the ground, much lower than the slabs forming the cell. The latter is made of three large vertical slabs with a capstone on top. The total height of the megalith is just below 10m and its access faces the East. Preservative interventions have taken place with cement on the contact point between capstone and orthostates. The South orthostate underwent restoration. The North facing surface of the structure has scaling made of inorganic elements.  
Condition: Worn
Dimension: Cella sepolcrale: altezza m 1.95; larghezza m 1.70; profondità m 1.78. Lastra di copertura: m 2.24 x m 3.80. Dromos: m 7.50 x m 1.58/2.15. Ortostato Sud: m 1.28 x m 2.42. Ortostato Ovest: m 1.90 x m 1.45. Ortostato Nord: m 1.34 x m 2.77. Spessore Ortostati: da m 0.40 a m 0.25.
Direction: Ingresso rivolto ad Est
Historical Notes: The Dolmen Chianca, dating to the Middle Bronze Age (16th – 14th century B.C.) is one of the most important dolmens in Europe for its dimensions, beauty and condition. Discovered in 1909 by Mosso, Samarelli and Gervasio, it underwent thorough excavations by the latter (he discovered charred fragments of human and animal bones and fragments of ceramic material). At the moment of its discovery, the local farmers had already removed everything before the digs, although some traces of the mounds of stones and earth that covered the construction were visible to the archaeologists’ eyes. On 9th June 2007 Poste Italiane (the Italian Mail) emitted a 0.60 € stamp representing the dolmen Chianca. On 19th May 2010 UNESCO recognised the dolmen Chianca in Bisceglie as ‘Testimony to a culture of peace for the Humankind’.  
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